Online Manual Jeep > Jeep Cherokee > Jeep Cherokee (XJ) > 1993 > DRIVE SHAFT & UNIVERSAL JOINTS

1993 Jeep Cherokee

1993 Drive Axles - Drive Shafts & Universal Joints Cherokee, Grand Cherokee, Grand Wagoneer, Wrangler


Drive shafts are balanced, one-piece, tubular steel shafts with universal joints at each end. Single Cardan universal joints contain a spider, 4 bearing caps with needle bearings, seals and clips. Double Cardan universal joints contains 2 spiders joined together, 8 bearing caps with needle bearings, seals and clips. See Fig. 1.

  1. Link Yoke

  2. Socket Spring

  3. Socket Ball Retainer

  4. Thrust Washer

  5. Needle Bearings

  1. Seal

  2. Bearing Cap

  3. Rear Spider

  4. Socket Yoke
    10. Socket Ball

  1. Front Spider

  2. Needle Bearings

  3. Thrust Washer

  4. Drive Shaft Yoke

  5. Retaining Clip


Fig. 1: Exploded View Of Double Cardan Universal Joint Courtesy of Chrysler Corp.



Tires & Wheels

Check tire inflation and wheel balance. Check for foreign objects in tread, damaged tread, mismatched treads or tire sizes. Check for tires that are out of round. Replace or repair as necessary.

Engine & Transmission Mounts

Tighten mounting bolts. Replace mounts if soft or separated.

Drive Shaft

Check shaft for damage or dents. Check for undercoating on shaft. If present, clean shaft.

Universal Joints

Check for defective or damaged "U" joints. Check for loose bolts and worn bearings.


Remove any dirt from area around shaft where dial indicator is placed. Measure shaft runout about 3" from weld-seam on each end of shaft. With dial indicator mounted perpendicular to drive shaft, rotate shaft several times. Record runout measurement. Repeat the procedure at the opposite end and center of the drive shaft. See DRIVE SHAFT RUNOUT table. If runout is not equal to or less than specification, replace drive shaft.


Application In. (mm)

Front & Rear of Shaft 010 (.25)

Center of Shaft 015 (.38)


NOTE: If drive shaft angle is excessive, vibration may result.

  1. Check condition of springs, engine and transmission
    mounts. Ensure all mounting fasteners are tight. To ensure proper
    riding height, fuel tank should be full and vehicle should be empty of
    cargo. Raise and support vehicle so suspension bears weight of vehicle
    and wheels can rotate freely.

  2. Remove clips from "U" joint cap bore. Ensure bearing caps
    are clean. Joint bearing cap to be measured must be straight down.
    Place Inclinometer (J-23498-A) on bearing cap. Center bubble in sight
    glass. Record measurement. Rotate drive shaft 90 degrees. Repeat
    procedure. Subtract smaller figure from larger figure to obtain "U"
    joint angle.

  3. Repeat procedure outlined in step 2) at opposite end of
    drive shaft. Compare "U" joint angle measurements. Difference of "U"
    joint angles MUST be within specification. See UNIVERSAL JOINT ANGLE
    table. If not with specification, adjust "U" joint angle. See



Application Specification

Double Cardan Universal Joint 0-2.5 °

Single Cardan "U" Joint 0-1.5



Front - Except Wrangler

  1. Adjust drive pinion gear shaft angle "A" at the lower
    suspension arms with shims. Adding shims will decrease pinion gear
    shaft angle "A" but will increase caster angle. See Fig. 2.

  2. Adjustment of angle "A" is more important than caster
    angle. When angle "A", angle "B" and vehicle height are correct, angle
    "C" will also be correct.


Fig. 2: Front Drive Shaft Angle Courtesy of Chrysler Corp.

(Except Wrangler)

Front - Wrangler

  1. Raise vehicle and place jack stands under frame. Place a
    hydraulic jack under differential housing. Raise jack to support
    weight of axle.

  2. Loosen spring "U" bolt nuts, and install tapered shims
    between springs and axle spring bracket to correct angle. Tighten
    spring "U" bolt nuts to 52 ft. lbs. (70 N.m) for Cherokee or 100 ft.
    lbs. (136 N.m) for all others.

NOTE: Adjustment procedure for rear shaft angle not available from manufacturer.


NOTE: If joints are rusted or corroded, before disassembly.

apply penetrating oil



Scribe or paint marks on yokes and drive shaft for reassembly reference. Remove bearing cap retainer clips. Using sockets and vise as a press, remove bearing caps retaining spider to drive shaft and yoke. Remove spider. Inspect caps for cracks or defective needle bearings. Check spider for scoring or excessive wear. If defective, replace complete unit.

CAUTION: DO NOT place shaft or slip yoke tube in vise. Clamp only the forged portions in vise.


  1. Clean universal joint bores and yoke. Apply grease to yoke
    bores, bearing caps, bearings and spider contact surfaces.

  2. Place spider into yoke and tap bearing cap, seal and
    bearings into yoke far enough to hold spider. Place a socket (smaller
    than cap) on side cap and place in vise.

  3. Tighten vise until caps are seated in yoke. Rotate spider
    to make sure no binding occurs. Install cap clips and repeat procedure
    on remaining caps.


NOTE: Double cardan universal joints are not serviceable. If defective, replace as an assembly.


1) Scribe or paint marks on yokes and drive shaft for

reassembly reference. Remove bearing cap retainer clips. Using sockets and vise as a press, remove bearing caps retaining front spider to link yoke. Remove drive shaft yoke from link yoke. See Fig. 1.

2) Remove bearing caps retaining rear spider in link yoke.
Remove rear spider and socket yoke from link yoke. Remove bearing caps
retaining front spider in drive shaft yoke. Remove front spider from
drive shaft yoke.


Check all component for cracks, scores and excessive looseness. If any defect is found, replace complete "U" joint assembly.


  1. Ensure alignment of reference marks made during
    disassembly. Use extreme pressure (EP) lithium grease to aid in
    assembly. Place bearing caps on both ends of rear spider and secure
    with tape. Spider will mate with transfer case yoke. Assemble socket
    yoke and rear spider.

  2. Install rear spider and socket yoke in link yoke. Insert
    bearing caps in yoke bores. Using sockets and a vise, press caps into
    bores Install retaining clips. Install front spider in drive shaft
    yoke. Insert bearing caps in yoke bores. Press caps into bores.
    Install retaining clips.

  3. Install thrust washer on drive shaft yoke. Align and
    install ball socket on drive shaft yoke. Install front spider in link
    yoke. Insert bearing caps in yoke bores. Press caps into bores.
    Install retaining clips. Check "U" joint for binding. Install drive